What Is Orchestration in Cloud Computing?

What is multi-cloud and how to manage it? Benefits and possible problems of transition to multi-cloud

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Cloud Orchestration allows you to automate workload management across multiple clouds to integrate it into a single workflow. Cloud orchestration also controls and synchronizes work. This can be hard because cloud orchestration involves systems in public and private cloud orchestration solutions that are often geographically dispersed and require management of the network that connects them.

Multi-Cloud Management

Multi-Cloud Management

Answering the question “How do I manage multiple clouds?”, we can say that multi-cloud orchestration management includes procedures and tools that enable a business to secure and monitor workloads and apps across more than one cloud. Multi-cloud allows you to manage multiple clouds from a single interface.

Many companies these days use two or more cloud orchestration vendors. In this way, you can reduce dependence on one supplier, and you can also use all their strengths. But the more clouds a company uses, the more difficult it becomes to manage them. To make this easier, you need a centralized cloud management platform that integrates with other tools.

The main technologies for managing multiple clouds are containers and Kubernetes. Containers combine applications and required services into one package while making it easier for developers to create the deploying applications to the cloud process.

Such solutions provide access to resources and allow developers to choose the cloud environment for building an app.

What Is a Multi-cloud environment?

Multi-cloud environment

A multi-cloud environment is a cloud infrastructure that allows you to combine multiple clouds into a single integrated space. Multi-cloud can be composed of private and public cloud orchestration services that enable organizations to maximize the advantages of each platform while mitigating the disadvantages.

For now, let’s look at the benefits of moving to multi-cloud.

Benefits of a multi-cloud environment

  • The multi-cloud concept allows every business to choose the optimal set of services and refuse unnecessary applications.
  • There is no connection to the infrastructure of one service provider.
  • Costs are optimized, since when you are setting up the environment, it is possible to choose the best cost for an identical service out of different providers.
  • The company is not dependent on a particular service provider, which increases disaster recovery, data security and, in general, gives certain flexibility of action.
  • By selecting different suppliers for different regions, the firm can increase its global footprint.

The organization of multiple clouds is a rather laborious process that requires taking into account several factors and indicators. For this reason, we do not recommend configuring such a system on your own. Trust it to professionals. Our team of specialists has tremendous experience in DevOps, which means that we can easily help you make the right transition to multi-cloud.

Related articles:
What is DevOps as a Service
How to Choose DevOps as a Service Provider

Is Multi-Cloud Trustworthy?

Multi-cloud is often used to achieve higher reliability and business continuity. But you need to understand how reliable the deployment of multiple clouds is. You need to know how cloud resources behave in the event of a disaster and create backups to ensure the safety of your files. You need to create backups of all files using multi-cloud, that is, save files to several cloud providers at the same time.

 

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Why Multi-Cloud in the First Place?

So, is multi-cloud orchestration worth it? Multi-cloud is popular with businesses for its cost-saving opportunities. Most organizations have made the transition to the cloud easily. There were only two alternatives, AWS and Azure, and many companies chose AWS, only to find out later that this solution is costly. Entrepreneurs immediately began looking for ways to cut costs.

Now the choice of cloud services is much more diverse, and companies can use the services of several providers at the same time. Here are a few more reasons why you should consider moving to multi-cloud:

  • the flexibility that allows you to use only the best features from different cloud service vendors;
  • independence from geographic location.

What’s All The Fuss?

Based on our experience in DevOps, we can identify five components that can make multi-cloud implementation difficult.

  1. Cloud service providers use different languages to develop infrastructure. There are several such languages. In case you want to run a Kubernetes cluster to host a site, before moving to multi-cloud you had a single set of servers, a single code base, and a single deployment pipeline. If you need to run this site on a different Kubernetes cluster, you won’t be able to copy and paste this configuration for another cloud – you will need to generate a configuration from scratch. Terraform, an open-source tool, is touted as one of the languages that communicate with all three important clouds, but even if you generate almost everything in Terraform, you can’t just migrate it from AWS to Azure. You need to rework the code for each cloud setting.
  2. If you use any cloud application monitoring service, their configuration and prices depend on the specific cloud environment. To receive reliable reports and alerts, you will need to collect several sets of metrics. Then you can understand what went wrong and where when any problem occurs.
  3. When switching to multiple clouds, your employees will not be able to administer them with high quality right away. After all, each cloud service is different. You will need to retrain and upgrade your employees to adapt to the multi-cloud environment.
  4. If you have had to go through an audit, for example, the GDPR, then you should know how difficult it is to document and demonstrate systems to auditors. When moving to multiple clouds, you have to do these manipulations with each of the cloud environments.

It’s interesting: Benefits In-house and Outsource DevOps

Final Thoughts

Orchestrating multiple clouds allows you to configure and deploy multiple cloud environments within a single user interface. Existing cloud orchestration tools save time and money while allowing companies to focus more on other business goals. But most of these products have appeared relatively recently, so mistakes and inconsistencies cannot be avoided. In addition, security can be a concern for multi-cloud orchestration tools. Many APIs (Application Programming Interface) cannot provide strong encryption, so you need to add SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) separately.

Our experience in DevOps allows us to conclude that multi-cloud orchestration tools need to create safer, easier-to-configure workflows to address potential operational issues.

If you are interested in moving to a multi-cloud environment – contact us! Our professionals will move your business to multi-cloud quickly and inexpensively.

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Dmitry Vyshnyov

Dmitry has 5 years of professional IT experience developing numerous consumer & enterprise applications. Dmitry has also implemented infrastructure and process improvement projects for businesses of various sizes. Due to his broad experience, Dmitry quickly understands business needs and improves processes by using established DevOps tools supported by Agile practices. The areas of Dmitry’s expertise are extensive, namely: version control, cloud platform automation, virtualization, Atlassian JIRA, software development lifecycle, Confluence, Slack, Service Desk, Flowdock, Bitbucket, and CI/CD.